Serosurveillance of Schmallenberg virus in Switzerland using bulk tank milk samples.

Balmer, Sandra; Vögtlin, Andrea; Thür, Barbara; Büchi, Martina Corinne; Abril Gaona, Carlos; Houmard, Matthias; Danuser, Jürg; Schwermer, Heinzpeter (2014). Serosurveillance of Schmallenberg virus in Switzerland using bulk tank milk samples. Preventive veterinary medicine, 116(4), pp. 370-379. Elsevier 10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.03.026

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Infections with Schmallenberg virus (SBV), a novel Orthobunyavirus transmitted by biting midges, can cause abortions and malformations of newborns and severe symptoms in adults of domestic and wild ruminants. Understanding the temporal and spatial distribution of the virus in a certain territory is important for the control and prevention of the disease. In this study, seroprevalence of antibodies against SBV and the spatial spread of the virus was investigated in Swiss dairy cattle applying a milk serology technique on bulk milk samples. The seroprevalence in cattle herds was significantly higher in December 2012 (99.5%) compared to July 2012 (19.7%). This high between-herd seroprevalence in cattle herds was observed shortly after the first detection of viral infections. Milk samples originating from farms with seropositive animals taken in December 2012 (n=209; mean 160%) revealed significantly higher S/P% ratios than samples collected in July 2012 (n=48; mean 103.6%). This finding suggests a high within-herd seroprevalence in infected herds which makes testing of bulk tank milk samples for the identification farms with past exposures to SBV a sensitive method. It suggests also that within-herd transmission followed by seroconversion still occurred between July and December. In July 2012, positive bulk tank milk samples were mainly restricted to the western part of Switzerland whereas in December 2012, all samples except one were positive. A spatial analysis revealed a separation of regions with and without positive farms in July 2012 and no spatial clustering within the regions with positive farms. In contrast to the spatial dispersion of bluetongue virus, a virus that is also transmitted by Culicoides midges, in 2008 in Switzerland, the spread of SBV occurred from the western to the eastern part of the country. The dispersed incursion of SBV took place in the western part of Switzerland and the virus spread rapidly to the remaining territory. This spatial pattern is consistent with the hypothesis that transmission by Culicoides midges was the main way of spreading.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Host-Pathogen Interaction
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Virology and Immunology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Pharmacology and Toxicology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Vögtlin, Andrea; Thür, Barbara; Büchi, Martina Corinne and Abril Gaona, Carlos

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0167-5877

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Barbara Gautschi-Steffen

Date Deposited:

07 Apr 2015 17:21

Last Modified:

15 Oct 2015 10:52

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.prevetmed.2014.03.026

PubMed ID:

24794645

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Cluster analysis, Culicoides, Disease incursion, ELISA, Orthobunyavirus, Ruminants, Semivariogram, Seroconversion, Seroprevalence, Spatial spread

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.66652

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/66652

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