Virulence and genotype-associated infectivity of interferon-treated macrophages by porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome viruses.

García-Nicolás, O; Baumann, Arnaud; Vielle, Nathalie Jane; Gómez-Laguna, Jaime; Quereda, Juan José; Pallarés, Francisco José; Ramis, Guillermo; Carrasco, Librado; Summerfield, Artur (2014). Virulence and genotype-associated infectivity of interferon-treated macrophages by porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome viruses. Virus research, 179, pp. 204-211. Elsevier 10.1016/j.virusres.2013.08.009

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The polarization into M1 and M2 macrophages (MΦ) is essential to understand MΦ function. Consequently, the aim of this study was to determine the impact of IFN-γ (M1), IL-4 (M2) and IFN-β activation of MΦ on the susceptibility to genotype 1 and 2 porcine reproductive respiratory syndrome (PRRS) virus (PRRSV) strains varying in virulence. To this end, monocyte-derived MΦ were generated by culture during 72h and polarization was induced for another 24h by addition of IFN-γ, IL-4 or IFN-β. MΦ were infected with a collection of PRRSV isolates belonging to genotype 1 and genotype 2. Undifferentiated and M2 MΦ were highly susceptible to all PRRSV isolates. In contrast, M1 and IFN-β activated MΦ were resistant to low pathogenic genotype 1 PRRSV but not or only partially to genotype 2 PRRSV strains. Interestingly, highly virulent PRRSV isolates of both genotypes showed particularly high levels of infection compared with the prototype viruses in both M1 and IFN-β-treated MΦ (P<0.05). This was seen at the level of nucleocapsid expression, viral titres and virus-induced cell death. In conclusion, by using IFN-γ and IFN-β stimulated MΦ it is possible to discriminate between PRRSV varying in genotype and virulence. Genotype 2 PRRSV strains are more efficient at escaping the intrinsic antiviral effects induced by type I and II IFNs. Our in vitro model will help to identify viral genetic elements responsible for virulence, an information important not only to understand PRRS pathogenesis but also for a rational vaccine design. Our results also suggest that monocyte-derived MΦ can be used as a PRRSV infection model instead of alveolar MΦ, avoiding the killing of pigs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Host-Pathogen Interaction
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Virology and Immunology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)

UniBE Contributor:

Baumann, Arnaud and Summerfield, Artur

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0168-1702

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Barbara Gautschi-Steffen

Date Deposited:

09 Apr 2015 10:36

Last Modified:

15 Oct 2015 10:53

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.virusres.2013.08.009

PubMed ID:

24220223

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Genotype, Interferon, Macrophage, Polarization, Porcine reproductive and respiratory syndrome

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.66671

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/66671

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