Influence of Martian crustal magnetic anomalies on the emission of energetic neutral hydrogen atoms

Wang, X.-D.; Barabash, S.; Futaana, Y.; Grigoriev, A.; Wurz, Peter (2014). Influence of Martian crustal magnetic anomalies on the emission of energetic neutral hydrogen atoms. Journal of Geophysical Research: Space Physics, 119(10), pp. 8600-8609. AGU Publications 10.1002/2014JA020307

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We analyze the data on hydrogen energetic neutral atoms (ENAs) emissions from the dayside of Mars, recorded by a Neutral Particle Detector of the Analyzer of Space Plasmas and Energetic Atoms aboard Mars Express from 14 March to 9 July 2004. We first identify and analyze events of the ENA flux enhancement coinciding with the presence of the crustal magnetic anomalies on the dayside of Mars. We then backtrace the ENA emissions to the lower altitudes (source region) and build up an average map of the flux intensities in the geographic coordinates with all the available data. The map shows a peak-to-valley ENA flux enhancement of 40%–90% close to the crustal magnetic anomaly regions. These results suggest the influence of the magnetic anomalies on the ENA emission from the dayside of Mars. The enhancement may result from the deviation of the highly directional plasma flow above anomalies toward the detectors such that more charge exchange ENAs would be recorded. Alternatively, higher exospheric densities above the anomalies would also result in an increase of the charge exchange ENA flux.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Wurz, Peter


500 Science > 530 Physics




AGU Publications




Cléa Serpollier

Date Deposited:

16 Apr 2015 09:25

Last Modified:

16 Apr 2015 09:30

Publisher DOI:





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