Dendritic spine morphology determines membrane-associated protein exchange between dendritic shafts and spine heads.

Hugel, Sylvain; Abegg, Mathias; de Paola, Vincenzo; Caroni, Pico; Gähwiler, Beat H; McKinney, R Anne (2009). Dendritic spine morphology determines membrane-associated protein exchange between dendritic shafts and spine heads. Cerebral cortex, 19(3), pp. 697-702. Oxford University Press 10.1093/cercor/bhn118

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The purpose of this study was to examine whether variability in the shape of dendritic spines affects protein movement within the plasma membrane. Using a combination of confocal microscopy and the fluorescence loss in photobleaching technique in living hippocampal CA1 pyramidal neurons expressing membrane-linked GFP, we observed a clear correlation between spine shape parameters and the diffusion and compartmentalization of membrane-associated proteins. The kinetics of membrane-linked GFP exchange between the dendritic shaft and the spine head compartment were slower in dendritic spines with long necks and/or large heads than in those with short necks and/or small heads. Furthermore, when the spine area was reduced by eliciting epileptiform activity, the kinetics of protein exchange between the spine compartments exhibited a concomitant decrease. As synaptic plasticity is considered to involve the dynamic flux by lateral diffusion of membrane-bound proteins into and out of the synapse, our data suggest that spine shape represents an important parameter in the susceptibility of synapses to undergo plastic change.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ophthalmology

UniBE Contributor:

Abegg, Mathias

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1047-3211

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Mathias Abegg

Date Deposited:

01 May 2015 11:55

Last Modified:

19 Apr 2018 15:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/cercor/bhn118

PubMed ID:

18653666

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/67691

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