Development of a novel driving behavior adaptations questionnaire

Bieri, Rahel; Nef, Tobias; Müri, René Martin; Mosimann, Urs Peter (2015). Development of a novel driving behavior adaptations questionnaire. International psychogeriatrics, 27(6), pp. 1017-1027. Cambridge University Press 10.1017/S1041610214002750

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ABSTRACT Background: Driving a car requires adapting one's behavior to current task demands taking into account one's capacities. With increasing age, driving-relevant cognitive performance may decrease, creating a need for risk-reducing behavioral adaptations. Three different kinds of behavioral adaptations are known: selection, optimization, and compensation. These can occur on the tactical and the strategic level. Risk-reducing behavioral adaptations should be considered when evaluating older drivers' traffic-related risks. Methods: A questionnaire to assess driving-related behavioral adaptations in older drivers was created. The questionnaire was administered to 61 years older (age 65-87 years; mean age = 70.2 years; SD = 5.5 years; 30 female, 31 male) and 31 younger participants (age 22-55 years; mean age = 30.5 years; SD = 6.3 years; 16 female and 15 male) to explore age and gender differences in behavioral adaptations. Results: Two factors were extracted from the questionnaire, a risk-increasing factor and a risk-reducing factor. Group comparisons revealed significantly more risk-reducing behaviors in older participants (t(84.5) = 2.21, p = 0.013) and females (t(90) = 2.52, p = 0.014) compared, respectively, to younger participants and males. No differences for the risk-increasing factor were found (p > 0.05). Conclusions: The questionnaire seems to be a useful tool to assess driving-related behavioral adaptations aimed at decreasing the risk while driving. The possibility to assess driving-related behavioral adaptations in a systematic way enables a more resource-oriented approach in the evaluation of fitness to drive in older drivers.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Geriatric Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Pavillon 52 > Forschungsgruppe Perzeption und Okulomotorik
04 Faculty of Medicine > Faculty Institutions > Teaching Staff, Faculty of Medicine
10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Gerontechnology and Rehabilitation
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services

UniBE Contributor:

Bieri, Rahel; Nef, Tobias; Müri, René Martin and Mosimann, Urs Peter

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

1041-6102

Publisher:

Cambridge University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Valentina Rossetti

Date Deposited:

24 Apr 2015 08:28

Last Modified:

25 Oct 2019 16:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1017/S1041610214002750

PubMed ID:

25567677

Uncontrolled Keywords:

age; behavioral adaptations; compensation; driving; fitness to drive; gender; optimization; selection

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.67962

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/67962

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