Bereavement and Complicated Grief across the Lifespan

Znoj, Hans Jörg (2015). Bereavement and Complicated Grief across the Lifespan. In: Wright, James (ed.) International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (2nd ed.) (pp. 537-541). Amsterdam: Elsevier 10.1016/B978-0-08-097086-8.21012-X

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Loss can be seen as a normative life event; nevertheless for most individuals, the experience of the loss of a loved one is extremely stressful. The grief reaction is universal but shaped by cultural norms and individual expectations; grief may also become a serious health problem. The aim of this article is to review the consequences of grief as well as explanations and treatment of complicated grief disorder. Five areas are identified to be of importance to clinicians and researchers: (1) grief reactions, (2) models of grief, (3) bereavement across the life span, (4) diagnostic criteria, and (5) treatment for complicated grief.

Item Type:

Book Section (Encyclopedia Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Znoj, Hans Jörg


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Adriana Biaggi

Date Deposited:

22 Apr 2015 15:11

Last Modified:

22 Apr 2015 15:11

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Anxiety, Bereavement, CGD, Cognitive restructuring, Complicated grief, CR, Depression, Diagnosis, Diagnostic criteria, Emotion regulation, Grief, HPA-axis, Life event, Life span, Post-traumatic stress disorder, Prolonged grief disorder, Psychological intervention, Psychotherapy, PTSD


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