Climate change impacts on tree species, forest properties, and ecosystem services

Bugmann, Harald; Brang, P; Elkin, C; Henne, Paul Daniel; Jakoby, O; Lévesque, M; Lischke, Heike; Psomas, A; Rigling, A; Wermelinger, B; Zimmermann, N.E. (2015). Climate change impacts on tree species, forest properties, and ecosystem services. In: Raible, C. C.; Strassmann, K. M. (eds.) CH2014-Impacts, Toward Quantitative Scenarios of Climate Change Impacts in Switzerland (pp. 79-88). Bern: OCCR, FOEN, MeteoSwiss, C2SM, Agroscope, and ProClim

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– Swiss forests experience strong impacts under the CH2011 scenarios, partly even for the low greenhouse gas scenario RCP3PD. Negative impacts prevail in low-elevation forests, whereas mostly positive impacts are expected in high-elevation forests. – Major changes in the distribution of the two most important tree species, Norway spruce and European beech, are expected. Growth conditions for spruce improve in a broad range of scenarios at presently cool high-elevation sites with plentiful precipitation, but in the case of strong warming (A1B and A2) spruce and beech are at risk in large parts of the Swiss Plateau. – High elevation forests that are temperature-limited will show little change in species composition but an increase in biomass. In contrast, forests at low elevations in warm-dry inner-Alpine valleys are sensitive to even moderate warming and may no longer sustain current biomass and species. – Timber production potential, carbon storage, and protection from avalanches and rockfall react differently to climate change, with an overall tendency to deteriorate at low elevations, and improve at high elevations. – Climate change will affect forests also indirectly, e.g., by increasing the risk of infestation by spruce bark beetles, which will profit from an extended flight period and will produce more generations per year.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Henne, Paul Daniel

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISBN:

978-3-033-04406-7

Publisher:

OCCR, FOEN, MeteoSwiss, C2SM, Agroscope, and ProClim

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

05 May 2015 13:26

Last Modified:

21 Oct 2015 08:47

Uncontrolled Keywords:

tree species, forest properties, ecosystem services

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.68007

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/68007

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