Gastro-oesophageal reflux is common in oligosymptomatic patients with dental erosion: A pH-impedance and endoscopic study.

Wilder-Smith, Clive; Materna, Andrea; Martig, Lukas; Lussi, Adrian (2015). Gastro-oesophageal reflux is common in oligosymptomatic patients with dental erosion: A pH-impedance and endoscopic study. United european gastroenterology journal, 3(2), pp. 174-181. Sage 10.1177/2050640614550852

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Background: Dental erosion is a complication of gastro-oesophageal reflux disease (GORD) according to the Montreal consensus statement. However, GORD has not been comprehensively characterized in patients with dental erosions and pH-impedance measures have not been reported.
Objectives: Characterize GORD in patients with dental erosions using 24-h multichannel intraluminal pH-impedance measurements (pH-MII) and endoscopy.
Methods: This single-centre study investigated reflux in successive patients presenting to dentists with dental erosion using pH-MII and endoscopy.
Results: Of the 374 patients, 298 (80%) reported GORD symptoms <2 per week, 72 (19%) had oesophagitis and 59 (16%) had a hiatal hernia. In the 349 with pH-MII the mean percentage time with a pH <4 (95% CI) was 11.0 (9.3–12.7), and 34.4% (31.9–36.9) for a pH <5.5, a critical threshold for dental tissue. The mean numbers of total, acidic and weakly acidic reflux episodes were 71 (63–79), 43 (38–49) and 31 (26–35), respectively. Of the reflux episodes, 19% (17–21) reached the proximal
oesophagus. In 241 (69%) patients reflux was abnormal using published normal values for acid exposure time and reflux episodes. No significant associations between the severity of dental erosions and any reflux variables were found. The presence of GORD symptoms and of oesophagitis or a hiatal hernia was associated with greater reflux, but not with increased dental erosion scores.
Conclusions: Significant oligosymptomatic gastro-oesophageal reflux occurs in the majority of patients with dental erosion. The degree of dental erosion did not correlate with any of the accepted quantitative reflux indicators. Definition of clinically relevant reflux parameters by pH-MII for dental erosion and of treatment guidelines are outstanding. Gastroenterologists and dentists need to be aware of the widely prevalent association between dental erosion and atypical GORD.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Mathematics and Statistics > Institute of Mathematical Statistics and Actuarial Science

UniBE Contributor:

Wilder-Smith, Clive; Martig, Lukas and Lussi, Adrian


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 510 Mathematics








Lutz Dümbgen

Date Deposited:

06 May 2015 09:48

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 14:46

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Tooth enamel, extra-oesophageal gastro-oesophageal reflux, pH-impedance, tooth pellicle, gastric acid




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