Risk factors for borderline personality disorder in treatment seeking patients with a substance use disorder: an international multicenter study

Wapp, Manuela; van de Glind, Geurt; van Emmerik-van Oortmerssen, Katelijne; Dom, Geert; Verspreet, Sofie; Carpentier, Pieter Jan; Ramos-Quiroga, Josep Antoni; Skutle, Arvid; Bu, Eli-Torlid; Franck, Johan; Konstenius, Maija; Kaye, Sharlene; Demetrovics, Zsolt; Barta, Csaba; Fatséas, Melina; Auriacombe, Marc; Johnson, Brian; Faraone, Stephen V; Levin, Frances R; Allsop, Steve; ... (2015). Risk factors for borderline personality disorder in treatment seeking patients with a substance use disorder: an international multicenter study. European addiction research, 21(4), pp. 188-194. Karger 10.1159/000371724

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Borderline personality disorder (BPD) and substance use disorders (SUDs) often co-occur, partly because they share risk factors. In this international multicenter study, risk factors for BPD were examined for SUD patients. In total, 1,205 patients were comprehensively examined by standardized interviews and questionnaires on psychiatric diagnosis and risk factors, and it was found that 1,033 (85.7%) had SUDs without BPD (SUD) and 172 (14.3%) had SUD with BPD (SUD + BPD). SUD + BPD patients were significantly younger, more often females and more often diagnosed with comorbid adult attention deficit/hyperactivity disorder. SUD + BPD patients did not differ from SUD patients on most risk factors typical for SUD such as maternal use of drugs during pregnancy or parents having any SUD. However, SUD + BPD patients did have a higher risk of having experienced emotional and physical abuse, neglect, or family violence in childhood compared to SUD patients, suggesting that child abuse and family violence are BPD-specific risk factors in patients with SUDs. © 2015 S. Karger AG, Basel.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Management
10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Cognition, Learning and Memory (CCLM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services

UniBE Contributor:

Wapp, Manuela and Moggi, Franz

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1022-6877

Publisher:

Karger

Language:

English

Submitter:

Franz Moggi

Date Deposited:

19 May 2015 16:36

Last Modified:

09 Sep 2017 00:40

Publisher DOI:

10.1159/000371724

PubMed ID:

25832736

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Risk Factors; Substance Use Disorder; Borderline Personality Disorder; Comorbidity

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.68509

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/68509

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