Nucleic-Acid Analogs with Restricted Conformational Flexibility in the Sugar-Phosphate Backbone (‘Bicyclo-DNA’). Part 5. Synthesis, Characterization, and Pairing Properties of Oligo-αlpha-D-(bicyclodeoxynucleotides) of the Bases Adenine and Thymine (αlpha-Bicyclo-DNA)

Bolli, Martin; Lubini, Paolo; Leumann, Christian (1995). Nucleic-Acid Analogs with Restricted Conformational Flexibility in the Sugar-Phosphate Backbone (‘Bicyclo-DNA’). Part 5. Synthesis, Characterization, and Pairing Properties of Oligo-αlpha-D-(bicyclodeoxynucleotides) of the Bases Adenine and Thymine (αlpha-Bicyclo-DNA). Helvetica chimica acta, 78(8), pp. 2077-2096. Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta 10.1002/hlca.19950780816

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10.1002/hlca.19950780816.abs A conformational analysis of the (3′S,5′R)-2′-deoxy-3′,5′-ethano-α-D-ribonucleosides (a-D-bicyclodeoxynucleosides) based on the X-ray analysis of N4-benzoyl-α-D-(bicyclodeoxycytidine) 6 and on 1H-NMR analysis of the α-D-bicyclodeoxynucleoside derivatives 1-7 reveals a rigid sugar structure with the furanose units in the l′-exo/2′-endo conformation and the secondary OH groups on the carbocyclic ring in the pseudoequatorial orientation. Oligonucleotides consisting of α-D-bicyclothymidine and α-D-bicyclodeoxyadenosine were successfully synthesized from the corresponding nucleosides by phosphoramidite methodology on a DNA synthesizer. An evaluation of their pairing properties with complementary natural RNA and DNA by means of UV/melting curves and CD spectroscopy show the following characteristics: i) α-bcd(A10) and α-bcd(T10) (α = short form of α-D)efficiently form complexes with complementary natural DNA and RNA. The stability of these hybrids is comparable or slightly lower as those with natural β-d(A10) or β-d(T10)( β = short form ofβ-D). ii) The strand orientation in α-bicyclo-DNA/β-DNA duplexes is parallel as was deduced from UV/melting curves of decamers with nonsymmetric base sequences. iii) CD Spectroscopy shows significant structural differences between α-bicyclo-DNA/β-DNA duplexes compared to α-DNA/β-DNA duplexes. Furthermore, α-bicyclo-DNA is ca. 100-fold more resistant to the enzyme snake-venom phosphodiesterase with respect to β-DNA and about equally resistant as α-DNA.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Leumann, Christian

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

0018-019X

Publisher:

Verlag Helvetica Chimica Acta

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christian Leumann

Date Deposited:

20 May 2015 16:20

Last Modified:

20 May 2015 16:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/hlca.19950780816

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.68629

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/68629

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