Reconstruction and 3D visualisation based on objective real 3D based documentation

Bolliger, Michael J; Buck, Ursula; Thali, Michael J; Bolliger, Stephan A. (2012). Reconstruction and 3D visualisation based on objective real 3D based documentation. Forensic science, medicine and pathology, 8(3), pp. 208-217. Totowa, NJ: Springer US; http://www.springer-ny.com 10.1007/s12024-011-9288-8

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Reconstructions based directly upon forensic evidence alone are called primary information. Historically this consists of documentation of findings by verbal protocols, photographs and other visual means. Currently modern imaging techniques such as 3D surface scanning and radiological methods (Computer Tomography, Magnetic Resonance Imaging) are also applied. Secondary interpretation is based on facts and the examiner's experience. Usually such reconstructive expertises are given in written form, and are often enhanced by sketches. However, narrative interpretations can, especially in complex courses of action, be difficult to present and can be misunderstood. In this report we demonstrate the use of graphic reconstruction of secondary interpretation with supporting pictorial evidence, applying digital visualisation (using 'Poser') or scientific animation (using '3D Studio Max', 'Maya') and present methods of clearly distinguishing between factual documentation and examiners' interpretation based on three cases. The first case involved a pedestrian who was initially struck by a car on a motorway and was then run over by a second car. The second case involved a suicidal gunshot to the head with a rifle, in which the trigger was pushed with a rod. The third case dealt with a collision between two motorcycles. Pictorial reconstruction of the secondary interpretation of these cases has several advantages. The images enable an immediate overview, give rise to enhanced clarity, and compel the examiner to look at all details if he or she is to create a complete image.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Imaging

UniBE Contributor:

Bolliger, Michael; Buck, Ursula; Thali, Michael and Bolliger, Stephan

ISSN:

1547-769X

Publisher:

Springer US; http://www.springer-ny.com

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:21

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2018 14:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s12024-011-9288-8

PubMed ID:

21979427

Web of Science ID:

000306682200002

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.6875

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/6875 (FactScience: 211924)

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