Cdk7 is required for full activation of Drosophila heat shock genes and RNA polymerase II phosphorylation in vivo

Schwartz, Brian E.; Larochelle, Stephane; Suter, Beat; Lis, John T (2003). Cdk7 is required for full activation of Drosophila heat shock genes and RNA polymerase II phosphorylation in vivo. Molecular and cellular biology, 23(19), pp. 6876-6886. American Society for Microbiology 10.1128/MCB.23.19.6876–6886.2003

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TFIIH has been implicated in several fundamental cellular processes, including DNA repair, cell cycle progression, and transcription. In transcription, the helicase activity of TFIIH functions to melt promoter DNA; however, the in vivo function of the Cdk7 kinase subunit of TFIIH, which has been hypothesized to be involved in RNA polymerase II (Pol II) phosphorylation, is not clearly understood. Using temperature-sensitive and null alleles of cdk7, we have examined the role of Cdk7 in the activation of Drosophila heat shock genes. Several in vivo approaches, including polytene chromosome immunofluorescence, nuclear run-on assays, and, in particular, a protein-DNA cross-linking assay customized for adults, revealed that Cdk7 kinase activity is required for full activation of heat shock genes, promoter-proximal Pol II pausing, and Pol II-dependent chromatin decondensation. The requirement for Cdk7 occurs very early in the transcription cycle. Furthermore, we provide evidence that TFIIH associates with the elongation complex much longer than previously suspected.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Cell Biology

UniBE Contributor:

Suter, Beat

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0270-7306

Publisher:

American Society for Microbiology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beat Suter

Date Deposited:

27 May 2015 08:03

Last Modified:

21 Jan 2016 16:25

Publisher DOI:

10.1128/MCB.23.19.6876–6886.2003

PubMed ID:

12972606

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.68945

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/68945

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