Rumination mediates the prospective effect of low self-esteem on depression: A five-wave longitudinal study

Kuster, Farah; Orth, Ulrich; Meier, Laurenz L. (2012). Rumination mediates the prospective effect of low self-esteem on depression: A five-wave longitudinal study. Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, 38(6), pp. 747-759. Sage 10.1177/0146167212437250

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Previous research supports the vulnerability model of low self-esteem and depression, which states that low self-esteem operates as a prospective risk factor for depression. However, it is unclear which processes mediate the effect of low self-esteem. To test for the mediating effect of rumination, the authors used longitudinal mediation models, which included exclusively prospective effects and controlled for autoregressive effects of the constructs. Data came from 663 individuals (aged 16 to 62 years), who were assessed 5 times over an 8-month period. The results indicated that low self-esteem predicted subsequent rumination, which in turn predicted subsequent depression, and that rumination partially mediated the prospective effect of low self-esteem on depression. These findings held for both men and women, and for both affective-cognitive and somatic symptoms of depression. Future studies should test for the mediating effects of additional intrapersonal and interpersonal processes.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Orth, Ulrich

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0146-1672

Publisher:

Sage

Language:

English

Submitter:

Ulrich Orth

Date Deposited:

08 Jun 2015 09:04

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2015 09:04

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/0146167212437250

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.69092

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/69092

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