Low self-esteem is a risk factor for depressive symptoms from young adulthood to old age

Orth, Ulrich; Robins, Richard W.; Trzesniewski, Kali H.; Maes, Jürgen; Schmitt, Manfred (2009). Low self-esteem is a risk factor for depressive symptoms from young adulthood to old age. Journal of Abnormal Psychology, 118(3), pp. 472-478. American Psychological Association 10.1037/a0015922

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Data from two large longitudinal studies were used to analyze reciprocal relations between self-esteem and depressive symptoms across the adult life span. Study 1 included 1,685 participants aged 18 to 96 years assessed 4 times over a 9-year period. Study 2 included 2,479 participants aged 18 to 88 years assessed 3 times over a 4-year period. In both studies, cross-lagged regression analyses indicated that low self-esteem predicted subsequent depressive symptoms, but depressive symptoms did not predict subsequent levels of self-esteem. This pattern of results replicated across all age groups, for both affective–cognitive and somatic symptoms of depression, and after controlling for content overlap between the self-esteem and depression scales. The results suggest that low self-esteem operates as a risk factor for depressive symptoms at all phases of the adult life span.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Orth, Ulrich

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0021-843X

Publisher:

American Psychological Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Ulrich Orth

Date Deposited:

08 Jun 2015 09:05

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2015 09:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1037/a0015922

PubMed ID:

19685945

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.69093

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/69093

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