Self-esteem development from age 14 to 30 years: A longitudinal study

Erol, Ruth Yasemin; Orth, Ulrich (2011). Self-esteem development from age 14 to 30 years: A longitudinal study. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(3), pp. 607-619. American Psychological Association 10.1037/a0024299

[img] Text
Erol_and_Orth_2011_JPSP.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (559kB) | Request a copy

We examined the development of self-esteem in adolescence and young adulthood. Data came from the Young Adults section of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth, which includes 8 assessments across a 14-year period of a national probability sample of 7,100 individuals age 14 to 30 years. Latent growth curve analyses indicated that self-esteem increases during adolescence and continues to increase more slowly in young adulthood. Women and men did not differ in their self-esteem trajectories. In adolescence, Hispanics had lower self-esteem than Blacks and Whites, but the self-esteem of Hispanics subsequently increased more strongly, so that at age 30 Blacks and Hispanics had higher self-esteem than Whites. At each age, emotionally stable, extraverted, and conscientious individuals experienced higher self-esteem than emotionally unstable, introverted, and less conscientious individuals. Moreover, at each age, high sense of mastery, low risk taking, and better health predicted higher self-esteem. Finally, the results suggest that normative increase in sense of mastery accounts for a large proportion of the normative increase in self-esteem.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Erol, Ruth Yasemin and Orth, Ulrich

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0022-3514

Publisher:

American Psychological Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Ulrich Orth

Date Deposited:

08 Jun 2015 09:08

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2015 09:08

Publisher DOI:

10.1037/a0024299

PubMed ID:

21728448

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.69095

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/69095

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback