Age differences in instability, contingency, and level of self-esteem across the life span

Meier, Laurenz; Orth, Ulrich; Denissen, Jaap J. A.; Kühnel, Anja (2011). Age differences in instability, contingency, and level of self-esteem across the life span. Journal of Research in Personality, 45(6), pp. 604-612. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jrp.2011.08.008

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We investigated age differences in instability, contingency, and level of self-esteem from age 13 to 72 years, using data from 1386 individuals who participated in a diary study over 25 days. Instability and contingency of self-esteem decreased from adolescence to old age, whereas level of self-esteem increased. Big Five personality traits predicted the level, but not the slope, of the trajectories of self-esteem characteristics. Age differences in self-esteem characteristics did not merely reflect age differences in instability and level of positive and negative affect. Finally, self-esteem characteristics showed a stable pattern of interrelations across the life span. Overall, the findings suggest that people’s self-esteem tends to become better adjusted—i.e., more stable, less contingent, and higher—across the life course.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Meier, Laurenz and Orth, Ulrich

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0092-6566

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Ulrich Orth

Date Deposited:

08 Jun 2015 09:10

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2015 09:10

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jrp.2011.08.008

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.69096

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/69096

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