Disclosure attitudes and social acknowledgement as predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity in Chinese and German crime victims

Müller, Julia; Orth, Ulrich; Wang, Jianping; Maercker, Andreas (2009). Disclosure attitudes and social acknowledgement as predictors of posttraumatic stress disorder symptom severity in Chinese and German crime victims. Canadian Journal of Psychiatry, 54(8), pp. 547-556. Canadian Psychiatric Association

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Objective: Only rare data exist comparing cross-cultural aspects of civilian traumatization. We compared prevalence rates of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) in German and Chinese crime victims, and investigated the cross-cultural effect of 2 interpersonal predictors. Method: German (n = 151) and Chinese (n = 144) adult crime victims were assessed several months postcrime. The parallel questionnaire set assessed PTSD symptom severity, disclosure attitudes, social acknowledgement, and demographic and crime characteristics. Results: German and Chinese participants differed significantly in their PTSD symptom severity. However, in both samples, disclosure attitudes and social acknowledgement predicted PTSD symptom severity with a similar strength, in addition to the effects of other PTSD predictors. Conclusions: The results suggest that interpersonal variables are predictors of PTSD symptom severity in both cultures and should be included in etiologic models of PTSD.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Müller, Julia and Orth, Ulrich

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0706-7437

Publisher:

Canadian Psychiatric Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Ulrich Orth

Date Deposited:

08 Jun 2015 09:15

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2015 09:15

PubMed ID:

19726007

Uncontrolled Keywords:

crime victims, posttraumatic stress disorder, cross-cultural study, disclosure, social acknowledgement

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.69099

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/69099

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