OSL-thermochronometry of feldspar from the KTB borehole, Germany

Guralnik, B; Jain, M; Herman, F; Ankjærgaard, C; Murray, A S; Valla, P G; Preusser, F; King, G E; Chen, R; Lowick, S E; Kook, M; Rhodes, E J (2015). OSL-thermochronometry of feldspar from the KTB borehole, Germany. Earth and planetary science letters, 423, pp. 232-243. Elsevier 10.1016/j.epsl.2015.04.032

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The reconstruction of thermal histories of rocks (thermochronometry) is a fundamental tool both in Earth science and in geological exploration. However, few methods are currently capable of resolving the low-temperature thermal evolution of the upper ∼2 km of the Earth's crust. Here we introduce a new thermochronometer based on the infrared stimulated luminescence (IRSL) from feldspar, and validate the extrapolation of its response to artificial radiation and heat in the laboratory to natural environmental conditions. Specifically, we present a new detailed Na-feldspar IRSL thermochronology from a well-documented thermally-stable crustal environment at the German Continental Deep Drilling Program (KTB). There, the natural luminescence of Na-feldspar extracted from twelve borehole samples (0.1–2.3 km depth, corresponding to 10–70 °C) can be either (i) predicted within uncertainties from the current geothermal gradient, or (ii) inverted into a geothermal palaeogradient of 29 ± 2  °C km−1, integrating natural thermal conditions over the last ∼65 ka. The demonstrated ability to invert a depth–luminescence dataset into a meaningful geothermal palaeogradient opens new venues for reconstructing recent ambient temperatures of the shallow crust (<0.3 Ma, 40–70 °C range), or for studying equally recent and rapid transient cooling in active orogens (<0.3 Ma, >200 °C Ma−1 range). Although Na-feldspar IRSL is prone to field saturation in colder or slower environments, the method's primary relevance appears to be for borehole and tunnel studies, where it may offer remarkably recent (<0.3 Ma) information on the thermal structure and history of hydrothermal fields, nuclear waste repositories and hydrocarbon reservoirs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Lowick, Sally

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0012-821X

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Sally Lowick

Date Deposited:

10 Jun 2015 15:38

Last Modified:

06 Oct 2015 10:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.epsl.2015.04.032

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.69320

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/69320

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