Role of Crop Research and Development in food Security of Africa

Tadele, Zerihun (2014). Role of Crop Research and Development in food Security of Africa. International Journal of Plant Biology & Research, 2(3) JSciMed Central

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Food security is the main concern in Africa as the production and productivity of crops are under continuous threat. Indigenous crops also known as orphan- or as underutilized- crops provide key contributions to food security under the present scenario of increasing world population and changing climate. Hence, these crops which belong to the major categories of cereals, legumes, fruits and root crops play a key role in the livelihood of the resource-poor farmers and consumers since they perform better than the major world crops under extreme soil and climate conditions prevalent in the continent. These indigenous crops have the major advantage that they fit well into the general socio-economic and ecological context of the region. However, despite their huge importance, African crops have generally received little attention by the global scientific community. With the current production systems, only a fraction of yield potential was achieved for most of these crops. In order to devise strategies towards boosting crop productivity in Africa, the current production constraints should be investigated and properly addressed. Key traits known to increase productivity and/or improve nutrition and diverse conventional and modern crop improvement techniques need to be implemented. Commitments in the value-chain from the research, production, marketing to distribution of improved seeds are required by relevant national and international institutions as well as African governments to promote food security in a sustainable manner. The review also presents major achievements and suggestions for stakeholders interested in African agriculture.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant Development
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Tadele, Zerihun

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

2333-6668

Publisher:

JSciMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

12 Jun 2015 10:54

Last Modified:

12 Jun 2015 10:54

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Crop research, African crops, Orphan crops, Green revolution, Food security

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.69524

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/69524

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