Stroke Unit Management and Revascularisation in Acute Ischemic Stroke

Jung, Simon; Stapf, Christian; Arnold, Marcel (2015). Stroke Unit Management and Revascularisation in Acute Ischemic Stroke. European neurology, 73(1-2), pp. 98-105. Karger 10.1159/000365210

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Background: Stroke affects one in six people throughout their lifetimes and is the most frequent cause of disability in adults. Several recanalization therapies have emerged and the management of patients in stroke units has improved over the last decades. Summary: This article examines the current treatment options for stroke patients, summarizing the key clinical evidence, as well as listing the complications and practical issues related to each of these main treatment options. Key Messages: Recent advances in the treatment of acute stroke include developments in intravenous thrombolysis (IVT), intra-arterial treatment and bridging therapies. Clinical Implications: Treatment within a stroke unit reduces mortality and disability regardless of age, sex and stroke severity. IVT is widely available and reduces disability when initiated within 4.5 h after the onset of symptoms. The major limitations of IVT are the low recanalization rates and the narrow time frame. Intra-arterial treatment, especially when using newly developed stent-retrievers, achieves very high recanalization rates. It is restricted by its limited availability and by the longer time span required to initiate therapy. Bridging both therapies is a promising approach that combines the advantages of both therapies, but the superiority of this approach remains to be proven. Future strategies to reduce the burden of acute stroke in Europe should focus on immediate access to acute stroke care and dedicated stroke units for all patients.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology

UniBE Contributor:

Jung, Simon and Arnold, Marcel

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0014-3022

Publisher:

Karger

Language:

English

Submitter:

Valentina Rossetti

Date Deposited:

15 Jun 2015 09:02

Last Modified:

09 Sep 2017 06:06

Publisher DOI:

10.1159/000365210

PubMed ID:

25413619

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.69547

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/69547

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