Porcine extrahepatic vascular endothelial asialoglycoprotein receptor 1 mediates xenogeneic platelet phagocytosis in vitro and in human-to-pig ex vivo xenoperfusion.

Bongoni, Anjan K; Kiermeir, David; Denoyelle, Julie Sophie Cécile; Jenni, Hansjörg; Burlak, Christopher; Seebach, Jörg D; Vögelin, Esther; Constantinescu, Mihai Adrian; Rieben, Robert (2015). Porcine extrahepatic vascular endothelial asialoglycoprotein receptor 1 mediates xenogeneic platelet phagocytosis in vitro and in human-to-pig ex vivo xenoperfusion. Transplantation, 99(4), pp. 693-701. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1097/TP.0000000000000553

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BACKGROUND Asialoglycoprotein receptor-1 (ASGR1) mediates capture and phagocytosis of platelets in pig-to-primate liver xenotransplantation. However, thrombocytopenia is also observed in xenotransplantation or xenoperfusion of other porcine organs than liver. We therefore assessed ASGR1 expression as well as ASGR1-mediated xenogeneic platelet phagocytosis in vitro and ex vivo on porcine aortic, femoral arterial, and liver sinusoidal endothelial cells (PAEC/PFAEC/PLSEC). METHODS Porcine forelimbs were perfused with whole, heparinized human or autologous pig blood. Platelets were counted at regular intervals. Pig limb muscle and liver, as well as PAEC/PFAEC/PLSEC, were characterized for ASGR1 expression. In vitro, PAEC cultured on microcarrier beads and incubated with non-anticoagulated human blood were used to study binding of human platelets and platelet-white blood cell aggregation. Carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester-labeled human platelets were exposed to PAEC/PFAEC/PLSEC and analyzed for ASGR1-mediated phagocytosis. RESULTS Human platelet numbers decreased from 102 ± 33 at beginning to 13 ± 6 × 10/μL (P < 0.0001) after 10 minutes of perfusion, whereas no significant decrease of platelets was seen during autologous perfusions (171 ± 26 to 122 ± 95 × 10/μL). The PAEC, PFAEC, and PLSEC all showed similar ASGR1 expression. In vitro, no correlation was found between reduction in platelet count and platelet-white blood cell aggregation. Phagocytosis of human carboxyfluorescein diacetate succinimidyl ester-labeled platelets by PAEC/PFAEC/PLSEC peaked at 15 minutes and was inhibited (P < 0.05 to P < 0.0001) by rabbit anti-ASGR1 antibody and asialofetuin. CONCLUSIONS The ASGR1 expressed on aortic and limb arterial pig vascular endothelium plays a role in binding and phagocytosis of human platelets. Therefore, ASGR1 may represent a novel therapeutic target to overcome thrombocytopenia associated with vascularized pig-to-primate xenotransplantation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery > Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery > Hand Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Thoraxchirurgie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Herz und Gefässe
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Handchirurgie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Plastische Chirurgie
09 Interdisciplinary Units > Microscopy Imaging Center MIC

UniBE Contributor:

Kiermeir, David; Denoyelle, Julie Sophie Cécile; Vögelin, Esther; Constantinescu, Mihai Adrian and Rieben, Robert

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0041-1337

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Veronika Picha

Date Deposited:

15 Jun 2015 17:44

Last Modified:

15 Feb 2019 11:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1097/TP.0000000000000553

PubMed ID:

25675194

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.69607

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/69607

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