Long-term results of a prospective randomised trial assessing the impact of readaptation of the dorsolateral peritoneal layer following extended pelvic lymph node dissection and cystectomy.

Vartolomei, Mihai Dorin; Kiss, Bernhard; Vidal, Alvaro; Burkhard, Fiona C.; Thalmann, George; Roth, Beat (2015). Long-term results of a prospective randomised trial assessing the impact of readaptation of the dorsolateral peritoneal layer following extended pelvic lymph node dissection and cystectomy. BJU international, 117(4), pp. 618-628. Blackwell Science 10.1111/bju.13178

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OBJECTIVE To evaluate the long term oncological and functional outcomes after readaptation of the dorsolateral peritoneal layer following pelvic lymph node dissection (PLND) and cystectomy . PATIENTS AND METHODS A randomised, single-center, single-blinded, two-arm trial was conducted on 200 consecutive cystectomy patients who underwent PLND and cystectomy for bladder cancer (<cT4, cN0, cM0) between April 2006 and September 2009. Patients were randomised into two groups: group A with readaptation of the dorsolateral peritoneal layer (n=100; 73 male, 27 female; median age 68 yrs, range 35-86 yrs) and group B without readapation (n=100; 66 male, 34 female; median age 65 yrs, range 30-86 yrs). Regular postoperative follow-up was performed at our outpatient clinic. Median follow-up was 59 months (range 3-100 months), five patients were lost to follow-up in group A, seven in group B. Bowel function was evaluated using the validated Gastrointestinal Quality of Life Index questionnaire and an institutional questionnaire regarding post-cystectomy outcome. Local recurrences and distal metastases were evaluated using computed tomography and bone scan at the regular follow-up visits. RESULTS There was no significant difference between the two groups in terms of the rate of local (pelvic) recurrence (5/95 [5.3%] in group A; 7/93 [7.5%] in group B; p = 0.53), the rate of distant metastases (21/95 [22.1%] in group A; 23/93 [24.7%] in group B; p = 0.67), cancer-specific survival (p = 0.37), and overall survival (p = 0.59). Group A had significantly better bowel function at 3 (p < 0.001), 6 (p < 0.006), 12 (p <0.006) and 24 months (p = 0.04), and significantly less postoperative abdominal pain and bloating at 3 (p = 0.002) and 6 months (p = 0.01). CONCLUSION Readaptation of the dorsolateral peritoneal layer following PLND and cystectomy has a beneficial long-term impact on bowel function and postoperative pain without compromising oncological radicality. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Dermatology, Urology, Rheumatology, Nephrology, Osteoporosis (DURN) > Clinic of Urology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Other Institutions > Teaching Staff, Faculty of Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Kiss, Bernhard; Burkhard, Fiona C.; Thalmann, George and Roth, Beat

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1464-4096

Publisher:

Blackwell Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Katharina Morgenegg

Date Deposited:

24 Jun 2015 07:49

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2016 02:05

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/bju.13178

PubMed ID:

25959738

Uncontrolled Keywords:

bowel function; cystectomy; long-term outcomes; pelvic lymph node dissection; prospective randomised trial

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.69765

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/69765

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