Do relocated villages experience more forest cover change? Resettlements, shifting cultivation and forests in the Lao PDR

Boillat, Sébastien; Stich, Corinna; Bastide, Joan; Epprecht, Michael; Thongmanivong, Sithong; Heinimann, Andreas (2015). Do relocated villages experience more forest cover change? Resettlements, shifting cultivation and forests in the Lao PDR. Environments, 2(2), pp. 250-279. MDPI AG 10.3390/environments2020250

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This study explores the relationships between forest cover change and the village resettlement and land planning policies implemented in Laos, which have led to the relocation of remote and dispersed populations into clustered villages with easier access to state services and market facilities. We used the Global Forest Cover Change (2000–2012) and the most recent Lao Agricultural Census (2011) datasets to assess forest cover change in resettled and non-resettled villages throughout the country. We also reviewed a set of six case studies and performed an original case study in two villages of Luang Prabang province with 55 households, inquiring about relocation, land losses and intensification options. Our results show that resettled villages have greater baseline forest cover and total forest loss than most villages in Laos but not significant forest loss relative to that baseline. Resettled villages are consistently associated with forested areas, minority groups, and intermediate accessibility. The case studies highlight that resettlement coupled with land use planning does not necessarily lead to the abandonment of shifting cultivation or affect forest loss but lead to a re-spatialization of land use. This includes clustering of forest clearings, which might lead to fallow shortening and land degradation while limited intensification options exist in the resettled villages. This study provides a contribution to studying relationships between migration, forest cover change, livelihood strategies, land governance and agricultural practices in tropical forest environments.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
10 Strategic Research Centers > Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)

UniBE Contributor:

Epprecht, Michael and Heinimann, Andreas

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel

ISSN:

2076-3298

Publisher:

MDPI AG

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stephan Schmidt

Date Deposited:

07 Jul 2015 07:43

Last Modified:

24 Mar 2017 15:28

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/environments2020250

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.70113

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/70113

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