Non-illness-related factors contributing to traffic safety in older drivers: a litterature review

Nef, Tobias; Bieri, Rahel; Müri, René Martin; Mosimann, Urs Peter (2015). Non-illness-related factors contributing to traffic safety in older drivers: a litterature review. Experimental aging research, 41(3), pp. 325-360. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/0361073X.2015.1021650

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Background/Study Context: Older drivers are at increased risk of becoming involved in car crashes. Contrary to well-studied illness-related factors contributing to crash risk, the non-illness-related factors that can influence safety of older drivers are underresearched. METHODS: Here, the authors review the literature on non-illness-related factors influencing driving in people over age 60. We identified six safety-relevant factors: road infrastructure, vehicle characteristics, traffic-related knowledge, accuracy of self-awareness, personality traits, and self-restricted driving. RESULTS: The literature suggests that vehicle preference, the quality of traffic-related knowledge, the location and time of traffic exposure, and personality traits should all be taken into account when assessing fitness-to-drive in older drivers. Studies indicate that self-rating of driving skills does not reliably predict fitness-to-drive. CONCLUSIONS: Most factors discussed are adaptable or accessible to training and collectively may have the potential to increase traffic safety for older drivers and other road users.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DCR Unit Sahli Building > Forschungsgruppe Neurologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology
04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Geriatric Psychiatry and Psychotherapy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Pavillon 52 > Forschungsgruppe Perzeption und Okulomotorik
10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Gerontechnology and Rehabilitation

UniBE Contributor:

Nef, Tobias; Bieri, Rahel; Müri, René Martin and Mosimann, Urs Peter

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 620 Engineering

ISSN:

0361-073X

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Vanessa Vallejo

Date Deposited:

13 Jul 2015 11:44

Last Modified:

01 Nov 2016 17:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/0361073X.2015.1021650

PubMed ID:

25978449

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/70235

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