A specialist root herbivore exploits defensive metabolites to locate nutritious tissues

Robert, Christelle A. M.; Veyrat, Nathalie; Glauser, Gaétan; Marti, Guillaume; Doyen, Gwladys R.; Villard, Neil; Gaillard, Mickaël D. P.; Köllner, Tobias G.; Giron, David; Body, Mélanie; Babst, Benjamin A.; Ferrieri, Richard A.; Turlings, Ted C. J.; Erb, Matthias (2012). A specialist root herbivore exploits defensive metabolites to locate nutritious tissues. Ecology Letters, 15(1), pp. 55-64. Wiley-Blackwell Publishing 10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01708.x

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he most valuable organs of plants are often particularly rich in essential elements, but also very well defended. This creates a dilemma for herbivores that need to maximise energy intake while minimising intoxication. We investigated how the specialist root herbivore Diabrotica virgifera solves this conundrum when feeding on wild and cultivated maize plants. We found that crown roots of maize seedlings were vital for plant development and, in accordance, were rich in nutritious primary metabolites and contained higher amounts of the insecticidal 2,4-dihydroxy-7-methoxy-1,4-benzoxazin-3-one (DIMBOA) and the phenolic compound chlorogenic acid. The generalist herbivores Diabrotica balteata and Spodoptera littoralis were deterred from feeding on crown roots, whereas the specialist D. virgifera preferred and grew best on these tissues. Using a 1,4-benzoxazin-3-one-deficient maize mutant, we found that D. virgifera is resistant to DIMBOA and other 1,4-benzoxazin-3-ones and that it even hijacks these compounds to optimally forage for nutritious roots

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Biotic Interactions

UniBE Contributor:

Robert, Christelle Aurélie Maud and Erb, Matthias

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

1461-023X

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell Publishing

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

14 Jul 2015 10:09

Last Modified:

12 Mar 2018 11:06

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/j.1461-0248.2011.01708.x

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Diabrotica virgifera; DIMBOA; optimal defence; optimal foraging; plant-insect interactions; root herbivore; Zea mays

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/70249

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