Sustainable Pasture Management : LforS learning and simulation game

Gabathuler, Ernst; Gareyeva, Aida; Bachmann, Felicitas (2008). Sustainable Pasture Management : LforS learning and simulation game. Bishkek, Kirgistan: Centre for Development and Environment (CDE); CAMP

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Three teams consisting of 2 to 5 persons each play the game. Each team represents a farm. Each team decides jointly on its strategy.
In annual meetings in winter, the farm teams jointly discuss, evaluate and decide on how to proceed and actions to be taken.
The farms make use of three different pasture areas (village pasture, intensive pasture and summer pasture) for grazing their livestock. The carrying capacity of each pasture area is different and varies according to the season. In each season, the farms have to decide on how many livestock units to graze on which pasture. Overgrazing and pasture degradation occur if the total number of livestock units exceeds the carrying capacity of a specific pasture area. Overgrazing results in a reduction of pasture productivity. To diversify and improve their livelihood strategy farms can make individual investments to increase productivity at the farm level, eg. in fodder production or in income generating activities. At the community level, collective investments can be made which may influence livestock and household economy, e.g. rehabilitate and improve pasture productivity, improve living conditions on remote pastures etc.
Events occurring in the course of the game represent different types of (risk) factors such as meteorology, market, politics etc. that may positively or negatively influence livestock production and household economy.
A sustainable management of pastures requires that farms actively regulate the development of their herds, that they take measures to prevent pasture degradation and to improve pasture productivity, and that they find a balance between livestock economy and other productive activities.
The game has a double aim: a) each farm aims at its economic success and prosperity, and b) the three farm teams jointly have to find and implement strategies for a sustainable use of pasture areas.

Item Type:



08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > NCCR North-South Management Centre [discontinued]
10 Strategic Research Centers > Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)

UniBE Contributor:

Gabathuler, Ernst and Bachmann, Felicitas


900 History > 910 Geography & travel
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 330 Economics


Centre for Development and Environment (CDE); CAMP




Stephan Schmidt

Date Deposited:

23 Jul 2015 09:38

Last Modified:

23 Jul 2015 09:38

Additional Information:

Didactic game. Also in Russian language.


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