Fluoride varnishes with calcium glycerophosphate: fluoride release and effect on in vitro enamel demineralization

Saads Carvalho, Thiago; Peters, Bianca Glerean; Rios, Daniela; Magalhães, Ana Carolina; Sampaio, Fabio Correia; Buzalaf, Marília Afonso Rabelo; Bönecker, Marcelo José Strazzeri (2015). Fluoride varnishes with calcium glycerophosphate: fluoride release and effect on in vitro enamel demineralization. Brazilian oral research, 29(1), pp. 1-6. Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica 10.1590/1807-3107BOR-2015.vol29.0092

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The aims of this study were (1) to assess the amount of fluoride (F) released from varnishes containing calcium glycerophosphate (CaGP) and (2) to assess the effect of the experimental varnishes on in vitro demineralization. Six test groups using 5 varnishes: base varnish (no active ingredients); Duraphat® (2.26% NaF); Duofluorid® (5.63% NaF/CaF2); experimental varnish 1 (1% CaGP/5.63% NaF/CaF2); experimental varnish 2 (5% CaGP/5.63% NaF/CaF2); and no varnish were set up. In stage 1, 60 acrylic blocks were randomly distributed into 6 groups (n = 10). Then 300 µg of each varnish was applied to each block. The blocks were immersed in deionized water, which was changed after 1, 8, 12, 24, 48 and 72 hours. Fluoride concentration in the water was analyzed using a fluoride electrode. In stage 2, 60 bovine enamel samples were distributed into 6 groups (n = 10), and treated with 300 µg of the respective varnish. After 6 h the varnish was removed and the samples were subjected to a 7-day in vitro pH cycle (6 h demineralization/18 h remineralization per day). The demineralization was measured using surface hardness. The results showed that both experimental varnishes released more fluoride than Duofluorid® and Duraphat® (p < 0.05), but Duraphat® showed the best preventive effect by decreasing enamel hardness loss (p < 0.05). Therefore, we conclude that even though (1) the experimental varnishes containing CaGP released greater amounts of F, (2) they did not increase in the preventive effect against enamel demineralization.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Restorative Dentistry, Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Saads Carvalho, Thiago


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Sociedade Brasileira de Pesquisa Odontológica




Thiago Saads Carvalho

Date Deposited:

29 Jul 2015 11:37

Last Modified:

09 Oct 2015 11:10

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Fluorides, Topical, Glycerophosphates, Dental Enamel, Dental Caries





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