Mosaic pattern of sucrase isomaltase deficiency in two brothers

Reinshagen, Konrad; Keller, Klaus M; Haase, Bianca; Leeb, Tosso; Naim, Hassan Y; Zimmer, Klaus P (2008). Mosaic pattern of sucrase isomaltase deficiency in two brothers. Pediatric research, 63(1), pp. 79-83. Nature Publishing Group 10.1203/PDR.0b013e31815b4bac

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The pathophysiology of mucosal changes observed in infants with chronic protracted diarrhea is poorly understood. We report on two brothers suffering from a special form of sucrase isomaltase (SI) deficiency. The children presented with weight loss and dyspepsia after sucrose exposition. We performed an H respiration test, which showed a pathologic result in the younger brother. Analysis of the brush border enzyme activities showed low expression of lactase and SI. Immunoelectron microscopy of duodenal biopsies showed an isolated SI deficiency in a mosaic pattern [e.g., 42% (14%) crypt enterocytes and 64% (59%) villus enterocytes with decreased amounts of SI on microvilli], whereas lactase and aminopeptidase n (ApN) were present at the apical membrane of all cells in a normal range. The SI mosaic pattern of these patients shows that the enterocytes contain low amounts of SI on the apical membrane but express normal quantities of other disaccharidases. These findings suggest the existence of different clonal expressions or specific (posttranslational) mechanisms of postGolgi transportation for individual brush border enzymes. It remains unresolved whether the mosaic distribution is part of a normal maturation process or caused by a lack of an overall control mechanism in the expression of brush border hydrolases.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Genetics
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Haase, Bianca and Leeb, Tosso

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0031-3998

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tosso Leeb

Date Deposited:

17 Aug 2015 14:28

Last Modified:

18 Aug 2015 02:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1203/PDR.0b013e31815b4bac

PubMed ID:

18043509

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.70787

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/70787

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