Brief Report: HIV Testing Among Pregnant Women Who Attend Antenatal Care in Malawi.

Tenthani, Lyson; Haas, Andreas D; Egger, Matthias; Oosterhout, Joep J Van; Jahn, Andreas; Chimbwandira, Frank; Tal, Kali; Myer, Landon; Estill, Janne; Keiser, Olivia (2015). Brief Report: HIV Testing Among Pregnant Women Who Attend Antenatal Care in Malawi. Journal of acquired immune deficiency syndromes JAIDS, 69(5), pp. 610-614. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1097/QAI.0000000000000669

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Malawi adopted the Option B+ strategy in 2011. Its success in reducing mother-to-child transmission depends on coverage and timing of HIV testing. We assessed HIV status ascertainment and its predictors during pregnancy. HIV status ascertainment was 82.3% (95% confidence interval: 80.2 to 85.9) in the pre-Option B+ period and 85.7% (95% confidence interval: 83.4 to 88.0) in the Option B+ period. Higher HIV ascertainment was independently associated with higher age, attending antenatal care more than once, and registration in 2010. The observed high variability of HIV ascertainment between sites (50.6%-97.7%) and over time suggests that HIV test kit shortages and insufficient numbers of staff posed major barriers to reducing mother-to-child transmission.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)
Graduate School for Health Sciences (GHS)

UniBE Contributor:

Tenthani, Lyson Nemoni; Haas, Andreas; Egger, Matthias; Tal, Kali; Estill, Janne Anton Markus and Keiser, Olivia

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

0894-9255

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

13 Aug 2015 15:14

Last Modified:

16 Aug 2016 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1097/QAI.0000000000000669

PubMed ID:

25950205

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.70999

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/70999

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