First evidence for differential and sequential efferent effects of stimulus relevance and goal conduciveness appraisal.

Aue, Tatjana; Flykt, Anders; Scherer, Klaus R (2007). First evidence for differential and sequential efferent effects of stimulus relevance and goal conduciveness appraisal. Biological psychology, 74(3), pp. 347-357. Elsevier 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2006.09.001

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In the context of a memory task, participants were presented with pictures displaying biological and cultural threat stimuli or neutral stimuli (stimulus relevance manipulation) with superimposed symbols signaling monetary gains or losses (goal conduciveness manipulation). Results for heart rate and facial electromyogram show differential efferent effects of the respective appraisal outcomes and provide first evidence for sequential processing, as postulated by Scherer's component process model of emotion. Specifically, as predicted, muscle activity over the brow and cheek regions marking the process of relevance appraisal occurred significantly earlier than facial muscle activity markers of goal conduciveness appraisal. Heart rate, in contrast, was influenced by the stimulus relevance manipulation only.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Experimental Psychology and Neuropsychology

UniBE Contributor:

Aue, Tatjana

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0301-0511

Publisher:

Elsevier

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] Swiss National Science Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tatjana Aue

Date Deposited:

24 Aug 2015 10:39

Last Modified:

02 Jul 2018 11:03

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.biopsycho.2006.09.001

PubMed ID:

17052833

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Emotion; Biological threat; Cultural threat; Stimulus relevance; Goal conduciveness; Component process model; Appraisal sequence; Facial EMG; Heart rate

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.71227

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/71227

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