Detecting single-target changes in multiple object tracking: The case of peripheral vision

Kredel, Ralf; Hossner, Ernst-Joachim (14 July 2015). Detecting single-target changes in multiple object tracking: The case of peripheral vision. In: Schmid, O; Seiler, R (eds.) Proceedings of the 14th European Congress of Sport Psychology - Theories and Applications for Performance, Health and Humanity. Bern, Switzerland. 14.-19.07.2015.

[img] Text
Vater.docx - Accepted Version
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (14kB)

In sports games, it is often necessary to perceive a large number of moving objects (e.g., the ball and players). In this context, the role of peripheral vision for processing motion information in the periphery is often discussed especially when motor responses are required. In an attempt to test the capability of using peripheral vision in those sports-games situations, a Multiple-Object-Tracking task that requires to track a certain number of targets amidst distractors, was chosen to determine the sensitivity of detecting target changes with peripheral vision only. Participants’ primary task was to recall four targets (out of 10 rectangular stimuli) after six seconds of quasi-random motion. As a second task, a button had to be pressed if a target change occurred (Exp 1: stop vs. form change to a diamond for 0.5 s; Exp 2: stop vs. slowdown for 0.5 s). Eccentricities of changes (5-10° vs. 15-20°) were manipulated, decision accuracy (recall and button press correct), motor response time and saccadic reaction time (change onset to saccade onset) were calculated and eye-movements were recorded. Results show that participants indeed used peripheral vision to detect changes, because either no or very late saccades to the changed target were executed in correct trials. Moreover, a saccade was more often executed when eccentricities were small. Response accuracies were higher and response times were lower in the stop conditions of both experiments while larger eccentricities led to higher response times in all conditions. Summing up, it could be shown that monitoring targets and detecting changes can be processed by peripheral vision only and that a monitoring strategy on the basis of peripheral vision may be the optimal one as saccades may be afflicted with certain costs. Further research is planned to address the question whether this functionality is also evident in sports tasks.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Abstract)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science IV

UniBE Contributor:

Kredel, Ralf and Hossner, Ernst-Joachim

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christian Vater

Date Deposited:

30 Sep 2015 09:25

Last Modified:

08 Aug 2016 13:07

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.71274

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/71274

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback