A consistent combination of GNSS and SLR with minimum constraints

Glaser, Susanne; Fritsche, Mathias; Sosnica, Krzysztof Jakub; Rodríguez-Solano, Carlos Javier; Wang, Kan; Dach, Rolf; Hugentobler, Urs; Rothacher, Markus; Dietrich, Reinhard (2015). A consistent combination of GNSS and SLR with minimum constraints. Journal of geodesy, 89(12), pp. 1165-1180. Springer 10.1007/s00190-015-0842-0

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In this article, the realization of a global terrestrial reference system (TRS) based on a consistent combination of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) and Satellite Laser Ranging (SLR) is studied. Our input data consists of normal equation systems from 17 years (1994– 2010) of homogeneously reprocessed GPS, GLONASS and SLR data. This effort used common state of the art reduction models and the same processing software (Bernese GNSS Software) to ensure the highest consistency when combining GNSS and SLR. Residual surface load deformations are modeled with a spherical harmonic approach. The estimated degree-1 surface load coefficients have a strong annual signal for which the GNSS- and SLR-only solutions show very similar results. A combination including these coefficients reduces systematic uncertainties in comparison to the singletechnique solution. In particular, uncertainties due to solar radiation pressure modeling in the coefficient time series can be reduced up to 50 % in the GNSS+SLR solution compared to the GNSS-only solution. In contrast to the ITRF2008 realization, no local ties are used to combine the different geodetic techniques.We combine the pole coordinates as global ties and apply minimum constraints to define the geodetic datum. We show that a common origin, scale and orientation can be reliably realized from our combination strategy in comparison to the ITRF2008.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Astronomy

UniBE Contributor:

Sosnica, Krzysztof Jakub and Dach, Rolf


500 Science > 520 Astronomy








Pierre Fridez

Date Deposited:

01 Sep 2015 13:50

Last Modified:

05 Apr 2017 15:54

Publisher DOI:






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