The Quiet Eye in Motor Performance and Learning – Functional and Theoretical Considerations

Vine, Samuel J.; Klostermann, André (2015). The Quiet Eye in Motor Performance and Learning – Functional and Theoretical Considerations. In: Seiler, Roland; Schmid, Olivier (eds.) 14th European Congress of Sport Psychology. Sport Psychology - Theories and Applications for Performance, Health and Humanity. Bern. 14.-19.07.2015.

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High precision in motor skill performance, in both sport and other domains (e.g. surgery and aviation), requires the efficient coupling of perceptual inputs (e.g. vision) and motor actions. A particular gaze strategy, which has received much attention within the literature, has been shown to predict both inter- (expert vs. novice) and intra-individual (successful vs. unsuccessful) motor performance (see Vine et al., 2014). Vickers (1996) labelled this phenomenon the quiet eye (QE) which is defined as the final fixation before the initiation of the crucial phase of movement. While the positive influence of a long QE on accuracy has been revealed in a range of different motor skills, there is a growing number of studies suggesting that the relationship between QE and motor performance is not entirely monotonic. This raises interesting questions regarding the QE’s purview, and the theoretical approaches explaining its functionality. This talk aims to present an overview of the issues described above, and to discuss contemporary research and experimental approaches to examining the QE phenomenon. In the first part of the talk Dr. Vine will provide a brief and critical review of the literature, highlighting recent empirical advancements and potential directions for future research. In the second part, Dr. Klostermann will communicate three different theoretical approaches to explain the relationship between QE and motor performance. Drawing upon aspects of all three of these theoretical approaches, a functional inhibition role for the QE (related to movement parameterisation) will be proposed.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science IV

UniBE Contributor:

Klostermann, André

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISBN:

978-3-033-05129-4

Language:

English

Submitter:

André Klostermann

Date Deposited:

30 Sep 2015 12:17

Last Modified:

30 Sep 2015 12:17

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/71863

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