Comparison of titanium-nitride-oxide-coated stents with zotarolimus-eluting stents for coronary revascularization a randomized controlled trial

Pilgrim, Thomas; Räber, Lorenz; Limacher, Andreas; Löffel, Lukas; Wenaweser, Peter; Cook, Stéphane; Stauffer, Jean-Christophe; Togni, Mario; Vogel, Rolf; Garachemani, Ali; Moschovitis, Aris; Khattab, Ahmed A; Seiler, Christian; Meier, Bernhard; Jüni, Peter; Windecker, Stephan (2011). Comparison of titanium-nitride-oxide-coated stents with zotarolimus-eluting stents for coronary revascularization a randomized controlled trial. JACC. Cardiovascular Interventions, 4(6), pp. 672-682. New York, N.Y.: Elsevier 10.1016/j.jcin.2011.02.017

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Objectives This study sought to compare the efficacy of passive stent coating with titanium-nitride-oxide (TiNO) with drug-eluting stents releasing zotarolimus (ZES) (Endeavor, Medtronic, Minneapolis, Minnesota). Background Stent coating with TiNO has been shown to reduce restenosis compared with bare-metal stents in experimental and clinical studies. Methods In an assessor-blind noninferiority study, 302 patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention were randomized to treatment with TiNO or ZES. The primary endpoint was in-stent late loss at 6 to 8 months, and analysis was by intention to treat. Results Both groups were well balanced with respect to baseline clinical and angiographic characteristics. The TiNO group failed to reach the pre-specified noninferiority margin for the primary endpoint (in-stent late loss: 0.64 ± 0.61 mm vs. 0.47 ± 0.48 mm, difference: 0.16, upper 1-sided 95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.26; pnoninferiority = 0.54), and subsequent superiority testing was in favor of ZES (psuperiority = 0.02). In-segment binary restenosis was lower with ZES (11.1%) than with TiNO (20.5%; psuperiority = 0.04). A stratified analysis of the primary endpoint found particularly pronounced differences between stents among diabetic versus nondiabetic patients (0.90 ± 0.69 mm vs. 0.39 ± 0.38 mm; pinteraction = 0.04). Clinical outcomes showed a similar rate of death (0.7% vs. 0.7%; p = 1.00), myocardial infarction (5.3% vs. 6.7%; p = 0.60), and major adverse cardiac events (21.1% vs. 18.0%, hazard ratio: 1.19, 95% CI: 0.71 to 2.00; p = 0.50) at 1 year. There were no differences in rates of definite or probable stent thrombosis (0.7% vs. 0%; p = 0.51) at 1 year. Conclusions Compared with TiNO, ZES was superior with regard to late loss and binary restenosis. The concept of passive stent coating with TiNO remains inferior to drug-eluting stent technology in reducing restenosis. ([TIDE] Randomized Trial Comparing Titan Stent With Zotarolimus-Eluting Stent: NCT00492908)

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine
10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Cardiovascular Engineering (CVE)

UniBE Contributor:

Pilgrim, Thomas; Räber, Lorenz; Cook, Stéphane; Togni, Mario; Vogel, Rolf; Moschovitis, Aris; Khattab, Ahmed Aziz; Seiler, Christian; Meier, Bernhard; Jüni, Peter and Windecker, Stephan

ISSN:

1876-7605

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lorenz Räber

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:21

Last Modified:

05 Nov 2015 17:22

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jcin.2011.02.017

PubMed ID:

21700254

Web of Science ID:

000292369600011

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.7193

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/7193 (FactScience: 212376)

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