Implantation of the biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stent in patients with high SYNTAX score is associated with decreased cardiac mortality compared to a permanent polymer sirolimus-eluting stent: two year follow-up results from the "all-comers" LEADERS trial

Wykrzykowska, Joanna J; Garg, Scot; Onuma, Yoshinobu; de Vries, Ton; Morel, Marie-Angele; van Es, Gerrit-Anne; Buszman, Pawel; Linke, Axel; Ischinger, Thomas; Klauss, Volker; Corti, Roberto; Eberli, Franz; Wijns, William; Morice, Marie-Claude; Di Mario, Carlo; van Geuns, Robert-Jan; Juni, Peter; Windecker, Stephan; Serruys, Patrick W (2011). Implantation of the biodegradable polymer biolimus-eluting stent in patients with high SYNTAX score is associated with decreased cardiac mortality compared to a permanent polymer sirolimus-eluting stent: two year follow-up results from the "all-comers" LEADERS trial. EuroIntervention, 7(5), pp. 605-613. Toulouse: Europa Digital & Publishing

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Background: The SYNTAX score (SXscore) has been shown to be an effective predictor of clinical outcomes in patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Methods and results: The SXscore was prospectively collected in 1,397 of the 1,707 patients enrolled in the “all-comers” LEADERS trial (patients post-surgical revascularisation were excluded). Post hoc analysis was performed by stratifying clinical outcomes at two-year follow-up, according to one of three SXscore tertiles: SXlow ≤8 (n=464), 8<SXmid ≤16 (n=472) and SXhigh >16 (n=461). At two-year follow-up the rate of major adverse cardiovascular events was 18.4%, 12.0% and 9.4% in the SXhigh, SXmid, and SXlow tertile, respectively (HR 1.45; CI 1.21-1.74; p<0.01). There was a significantly higher rate of cardiac death in patients in the highest SXscore tertile (7% SXhigh versus 2.4% SXmid versus 1.8% SXlow; HR 2.22; CI 1.5-3.27; p<0.001). Within the SXhigh tertile the rate of cardiac death was significantly lower in patients treated with the biolimus-eluting stent compared with the sirolimus-eluting stent (4.7% versus 9.6%, HR 0.48; CI 0.23-0.99; p=0.046). Conclusions: The SXscore when applied to an “all-comers” patient population allows for prospective risk stratification of patients undergoing PCI up to two years follow-up. In addition, the SXscore appears to separate the performance of devices in high risk patient groups.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Jüni, Peter and Windecker, Stephan

ISSN:

1774-024X

Publisher:

Europa Digital & Publishing

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:21

Last Modified:

08 Sep 2017 17:08

PubMed ID:

21930465

Web of Science ID:

000296940800013

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.7215

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/7215 (FactScience: 212401)

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