Marital breakup in later adulthood and self-rated health: a cross-sectional survey in Switzerland

Knöpfli, Bina; Cullati, Stéphane; Courvoisier, Delphine S.; Burton-Jeangros, Claudine; Perrig-Chiello, Pasqualina (2016). Marital breakup in later adulthood and self-rated health: a cross-sectional survey in Switzerland. International journal of public health, 61(3), pp. 357-366. Springer 10.1007/s00038-015-0776-6

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Objectives This research examines the impact of relationship status on self-rated health (SRH) by taking into account intrapersonal and social resources. Methods Data stem from a Swiss-based survey of 1355 participants aged 40–65 years. Three groups are compared: continuously married (n = 399), single divorcees (n = 532) and repartnered divorcees (n = 424). Linear regression models are used to examine the predictive role of relationship status on SRH and to investigate the moderating role of intrapersonal and social resources on SRH. Results Single divorcees show the lowest SRH scores, whereas their repartnered counterparts reported scores comparable to the continuously married—even after controlling for socio-demographic and economic variables. Although single divorcees reported higher levels of loneliness and agreeableness in addition to lower levels of resilience when compared with the other groups, none of these variables had a significant moderation effect on SRH. Conclusions Our results underscore the positive effect of relationship status on SRH, and contribute new insights on the impact of later-life divorce. Given the growing number of divorcees, related public health challenges are likely to increase.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Developmental Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Knöpfli, Bina and Perrig-Chiello, Pasqualina

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1661-8556

Publisher:

Springer

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] NCCR LIVES IP 212

Language:

English

Submitter:

Katja Margelisch

Date Deposited:

04 Feb 2016 10:08

Last Modified:

26 Jun 2016 02:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00038-015-0776-6

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Self-rated health, Relationship status, Marital breakup, Later adulthood, Resources

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.72214

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/72214

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