Testing the allegiance bias hypothesis: a meta-analysis

Munder, Thomas; Gerger, Heike; Trelle, Sven; Barth, Jürgen (2011). Testing the allegiance bias hypothesis: a meta-analysis. Psychotherapy research, 21(6), pp. 670-684. Abingdon, UK: Routledge 10.1080/10503307.2011.602752

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This meta-analysis investigated whether the association between researcher allegiance (RA) and the relative effect of two psychotherapies can be explained through the methodological weaknesses of the treatment comparisons. Seventy-nine comparisons of psychotherapies for depression or posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) were included. Methodological quality (MQ) was investigated as both a moderator and a mediator of the RA-outcome association. MQ included balanced nonspecific factors, balanced specific factors, conceptual quality, patients-per-therapist ratio, randomization to conditions and outcome assessment. The RA-outcome association was stronger when the MQ was low, suggesting a buffering effect of MQ. In addition, differences in the conceptual quality of treatments mediated the effect of RA on outcome. The results support the view that RA acts as a bias in treatment comparisons.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Munder, Thomas; Gerger, Heike; Trelle, Sven and Barth, Jürgen

ISSN:

1050-3307

Publisher:

Routledge

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:21

Last Modified:

11 Sep 2017 21:20

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/10503307.2011.602752

PubMed ID:

21797736

Web of Science ID:

000299430500005

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.7265

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/7265 (FactScience: 212456)

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