Communicative Signs Meaning Naturally

Pfister, Jonas (2010). Communicative Signs Meaning Naturally. Pragmatics & cognition, 19(1), pp. 40-67. Amsterdam: John Benjamins 10.1075/pc.18.1.03pfi

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Paul Grice distinguishes between natural meaning and non-natural meaning, where the first notion is especially connected to something’s being a natural sign and the second to communication. It is argued that some of the arguments against the distinction being exhaustive are based on a misinterpretation of Grice, but also that the distinction cannot be exhaustive if one takes into account both the criterion of factivity and the connection to communication. If one makes a distinction between natural and non-natural communication, then there are different types of natural communication to be distinguished: goal-directed communication, intentional communication and open intentional communication. Given the empirical evidence, the behavior of chimpanzees and of human infants may be described as goal-directed communication, but there are also important differences between the communicative behavior of the two.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of Art and Cultural Studies > Institute of Philosophy

UniBE Contributor:

Pfister, Jonas


100 Philosophy




John Benjamins




Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:22

Last Modified:

10 Nov 2014 07:59

Publisher DOI:


Web of Science ID:


URI: (FactScience: 212519)

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback