The neural network of saccadic foreknowledge.

Bär, Sarah; Hauf, Martinus; Barton, Jason J S; Abegg, Mathias (2016). The neural network of saccadic foreknowledge. Experimental brain research, 234(2), pp. 409-418. Springer 10.1007/s00221-015-4468-5

[img] Text
art%3A10.1007%2Fs00221-015-4468-5.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (852kB) | Request a copy

Foreknowledge about upcoming events may be exploited to optimize behavioural responses. In a previous work, using an eye movement paradigm, we showed that different types of partial foreknowledge have different effects on saccadic efficiency. In the current study, we investigated the neural circuitry involved in processing of partial foreknowledge using functional magnetic resonance imaging. Fourteen subjects performed a mixed antisaccade, prosaccade paradigm with blocks of no foreknowledge, complete foreknowledge or partial foreknowledge about stimulus location, response direction or task. We found that saccadic foreknowledge is processed primarily within the well-known oculomotor network for saccades and antisaccades. Moreover, we found a consistent decrease in BOLD activity in the primary and secondary visual cortex in all foreknowledge conditions compared to the no-foreknowledge conditions. Furthermore we found that the different types of partial foreknowledge are processed in distinct brain areas: response foreknowledge is processed in the frontal eye field, while stimulus foreknowledge is processed in the frontal and parietal eye field. Task foreknowledge, however, revealed no positive BOLD correlate. Our results show different patterns of engagement in the saccade-related neural network depending upon precisely what type of information is known ahead.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic and Interventional Neuroradiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ophthalmology

UniBE Contributor:

Hauf, Martinus and Abegg, Mathias

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0014-4819

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Mathias Abegg

Date Deposited:

26 Oct 2016 13:31

Last Modified:

19 Apr 2018 15:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00221-015-4468-5

PubMed ID:

26497988

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Antisaccade Foreknowledge Functional magnetic resonance imaging Partial foreknowledge Saccade fMRI

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.73268

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/73268

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback