Time Course of Antibiotic and Antifungal Concentrations in Corneal Organ Culture.

Seiler, Günter Theodor Michael; Tschopp, Markus; Zimmerli, Stefan; Tappeiner, Christoph; Wittwer, Valéry; Früh Epstein, Beatrice (2015). Time Course of Antibiotic and Antifungal Concentrations in Corneal Organ Culture. Cornea, 35(1), pp. 127-131. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins 10.1097/ICO.0000000000000671

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PURPOSE

Contamination with bacteria and/or fungi is a serious complication in organ-cultured corneas. Hence, antibiotic and antifungal agents are added to the culture medium. The concentration of different antimicrobial and antifungal additives to the media over time has so far not been investigated in detail and is the aim of this study.

METHODS

Nine human fresh corneoscleral discs were stored in corneal culture medium consisting of 2% fetal bovine serum and minimal essential medium. In addition, the culture medium contained 1200 μg/mL penicillin G, 25 μg/mL amphotericin B, 120 μg/mL streptomycin, and 100 μg/mL voriconazole. The concentration of amphotericin B used was 10 times higher than in clinical routine to facilitate its detection. The cultures were kept at 37°C for 28 days. At days 0, 7, 14, 21, and 28, samples of the culture medium were harvested for analysis of antimicrobial concentrations by liquid chromatography and electrospray ionization tandem mass spectrometry.

RESULTS

During corneal storage, the concentration of all antibiotics and antifungal agents declined significantly. By day 28, penicillin G was reduced to 14% of the original concentration. Amphotericin B and streptomycin retained approximately 60% of the original concentration to the end of the experiment and voriconazole maintained stable concentrations after an initial decline to approximately 80% at 7 days.

CONCLUSIONS

Throughout the entire storage period, the concentrations of penicillin G, streptomycin, and voriconazole exceeded the minimum inhibitory concentrations of all common contaminants, obviating the need for a change of the medium for antimicrobial reasons. Based on the minimum inhibitory concentrations and our findings, the initial concentration of amphotericin B should be raised to 5 μg/mL.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ophthalmology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Infectiology

UniBE Contributor:

Seiler, Günter Theodor Michael; Tschopp, Markus; Zimmerli, Stefan; Tappeiner, Christoph and Früh Epstein, Beatrice

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0277-3740

Publisher:

Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Language:

English

Submitter:

Annelies Luginbühl

Date Deposited:

07 Jan 2016 15:02

Last Modified:

07 Nov 2016 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1097/ICO.0000000000000671

PubMed ID:

26555594

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.73300

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/73300

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