A Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement: Implications for Swiss Agriculture

Häberli, Christian (2015). A Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement: Implications for Swiss Agriculture. In: Gemma, Masahiko; Hayashi, Masanori (eds.) Agriculture and Food at the Age of Post 'Trade Liberalization': An Analysis of Trade Rules and Economic Impact Assessments (pp. 193-228). Tokyo: Waseda University

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To say that regionalism is gaining momentum has become an understatement. To mourn the lack of progress in multilateral trade rule-making is a commonplace in the discourse of politicians regretting the WTO negotiation standstill, and of “know-what-to-do” academics. The real problem is the uneven level-playing field resulting from increasing differences of rules and obligations. The Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership Agreement (TTIP) is a very ambitious project. WTI studies in 2014 have shown that the implications for Switzerland could be enormous. But even the combined market power of the two TTIP participants – the EU and the USA – will not level the playing field impairing the regulatory framework, and the market access barriers for trade in agriculture. Such differences will remain in three areas which, incidentally, are also vital for a global response to the food security challenge to feed 9 billion people before the year 2050: market access, non-tariff barriers, and trade-distorting domestic support programmes. This means that without multilateral progress the TTIP and other so-called mega-regionals, if successfully concluded, will exacerbate rather than lessen trade distortions. While this makes farmers in rich countries safer from competition, competitive production in all countries will be hampered. Consequently, and notwithstanding the many affirmations to the contrary, farm policies worldwide will continue to only address farmer security without increasing global food security.
What are the implications of the TTIP for Swiss agriculture? This article, commissioned by Waseda University in Tokyo, finds that the failure to achieve further reforms – including a number of areas where earlier reforms have been reversed – is presenting Switzerland and Swiss agriculture with a terrible dilemma in the eventuality of a successful conclusion of the TTIP. If Swiss farm production is to survive for more than another generation, continuous reform efforts are required, and over-reliance on the traditional instruments of border protection and product support is to be avoided. Without a substantial TTIP obliging Switzerland to follow suit, autonomous reforms will remain extremely fragile.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

02 Faculty of Law > Department of Economic Law > World Trade Institute
10 Strategic Research Centers > World Trade Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Häberli, Christian

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 380 Commerce, communications & transportation

Publisher:

Waseda University

Funders:

[4] Swiss National Science Foundation

Language:

Japanese

Submitter:

Christian Häberli

Date Deposited:

09 Dec 2015 09:02

Last Modified:

28 Nov 2020 02:26

Related URLs:

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.73631

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/73631

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