Being Bullied: Associated Factors in Children and Adolescents 8 to 18 Years Old in 11 European Countries

Analitis, F.; Velderman, M. K.; Ravens-Sieberer, U.; Detmar, S.; Erhart, M.; Herdman, M.; Berra, S.; Alonso, J.; Rajmil, L.; European Kidscreen Group, ; Abel, Thomas; Bisegger, Corinna; Cloetta, Bernhard (2009). Being Bullied: Associated Factors in Children and Adolescents 8 to 18 Years Old in 11 European Countries. Pediatrics, 123(2), pp. 569-577. American Academy of Pediatrics 10.1542/peds.2008-0323

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OBJECTIVES. To analyze the prevalence of bullying victims among children and adolescents aged 8 to 18 years in 11 European countries and to investigate the associated sociodemographic, physical, and psychosocial factors.

METHODS. Being a bullying victim was measured by using the social acceptance (bullying)
scale from the Kidscreen-52, a health-related quality-of-life questionnaire
administered to 16 210 children and adolescents aged 8 to 18 and their parents in
postal or school-based surveys in 11 European countries. Standardized mean differences (effect size) were computed to measure the percentage of children/adolescents scoring 1 SD below the mean on the Kidscreen bullying scale. Logistic regression models were used to determine which sociodemographic, physical, and psychosocial factors were associated with being bullied.

RESULTS. The percentage of children being bullied was 20.6% for the entire sample,
ranging from 10.5% in Hungary to 29.6% in the United Kingdom. In almost all
countries the factors most strongly associated with being bullied were younger age,
having probable mental health problems, having a low score on the Kidscreen-52
moods and emotions dimensions, and poor social support. Using the grand mean for
all countries as the reference category, there was an above-average likelihood of
children or adolescents reporting that they had been victims of bullying in 5 countries
(Austria, Netherlands, Spain, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom), and a
below-average likelihood in 3 countries (France, Greece, Hungary).

CONCLUSIONS. This study indicated considerable variation between countries in the
prevalence of those perceiving themselves to be victims of bullying but also revealed
a clear profile of those likely to be bullied. The study also suggests that the Kidscreen bullying scale could be useful in identifying potential bullying victims.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Abel, Thomas; Bisegger, Corinna and Cloetta, Bernhard


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services




American Academy of Pediatrics




Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

30 Nov 2015 16:42

Last Modified:

10 Sep 2017 08:09

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:





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