Keeping bugs in check: The mucus layer as a critical component in maintaining intestinal homeostasis

Faderl, Martin; Noti, Mario; Corazza, Nadia; Mueller, Christoph (2015). Keeping bugs in check: The mucus layer as a critical component in maintaining intestinal homeostasis. IUBMB Life, 67(4), pp. 275-285. Wiley 10.1002/iub.1374

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In the mammalian gastrointestinal tract the close vicinity of abundant immune effector cells and trillions of commensal microbes requires sophisticated barrier and regulatory mechanisms to maintain vital host-microbial interactions and tissue homeostasis. During co-evolution of the host and its intestinal microbiota a protective multilayered barrier system was established to segregate the luminal microbes from the intestinal mucosa with its potent immune effector cells, limit bacterial translocation into host tissues to prevent tissue damage, while ensuring the vital functions of the intestinal mucosa and the luminal gut microbiota. In the present review we will focus on the different layers of protection in the intestinal tract that allow the successful mutualism between the microbiota and the potent effector cells of the intestinal innate and adaptive immune system. In particular, we will review some of the recent findings on the vital functions of the mucus layer and its site-specific adaptations to the changing quantities and complexities of the microbiota along the (gastro-) intestinal tract. Understanding the regulatory pathways that control the establishment of the mucus layer, but also its degradation during intestinal inflammation may be critical for designing novel strategies aimed at maintaining local tissue homeostasis and supporting remission from relapsing intestinal inflammation in patients with inflammatory bowel diseases.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Pathology > Immunopathology

UniBE Contributor:

Faderl, Martin; Noti, Mario; Corazza, Nadia and Müller, Christoph

ISSN:

1521-6543

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Haefelin

Date Deposited:

07 Dec 2015 12:13

Last Modified:

07 Dec 2015 12:13

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/iub.1374

PubMed ID:

25914114

Uncontrolled Keywords:

disease models genetic models

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.73735

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/73735

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