Radiocarbon dating of modern peat profiles: Pre- and post-bomb C-14 variations in the construction of age-depth models

Goslar, T; van der Knaap, Willem Oscar; Hicks, S; Andric, M; Czernik, J; Goslar, E; Rasanen, S; Hyotyla, H (2005). Radiocarbon dating of modern peat profiles: Pre- and post-bomb C-14 variations in the construction of age-depth models. Radiocarbon, 47(1), pp. 115-134. Arizona Board of Regents, University of Arizona

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We present studies of 9 modern (up to 400-yr-old) peat sections from Slovenia, Switzerland, Austria, Italy, and Finland. Precise radiocarbon dating of modern samples is possible due to the large bomb peak of atmospheric 14C concentration in 1963 and the following rapid decline in the 14C level. All the analyzed 14C profiles appeared concordant with the shape of the bomb peak of atmospheric 14C concentration, integrated over some time interval with a length specific to the peat section. In the peat layers covered by the bomb peak, calendar ages of individual peat samples could be determined almost immediately, with an accuracy of 23 yr. In the pre-bomb sections, the calendar ages of individual dated samples are determined in the form of multi-modal probability distributions of about 300 yr wide (about AD 16501950). However, simultaneous use of the post-bomb and pre-bomb 14C dates, and lithological information, enabled the rejection of most modes of probability distributions in the pre-bomb section. In effect, precise age-depth models of the post-bomb sections have been extended back in time, into the wiggly part of the 14C calibration curve.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Palaeoecology
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

van der Knaap, Willem Oscar

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0033-8222

Publisher:

Arizona Board of Regents, University of Arizona

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

08 Dec 2015 13:51

Last Modified:

08 Dec 2015 13:51

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.73969

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/73969

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