An ice-rich flow origin for the banded terrain in the Hellas basin, Mars

Diot, X.; Elmaarry, M. R.; Guallini, L.; Schlunegger, F.; Norton, K. P.; Thomas, N.; Sutton, S.; Grindrod, P. M. (2015). An ice-rich flow origin for the banded terrain in the Hellas basin, Mars. Journal of Geophysical Research: Planets, 120(12), pp. 2258-2276. Wiley 10.1002/2015JE004956

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The interior of Hellas Basin displays a complex landscape and a variety of geomorphological domains. One of these domains, the enigmatic banded terrain covers much of the northwestern part of the basin. We use high-resolution (CTX and HiRISE) Digital Terrain Models to show that most of the complex viscous flowing behavior exhibited by the banded terrain is controlled by topography and flow-like interactions between neighboring banded terrain. Furthermore, the interior of the basin hosts several landforms suggestive of the presence of near-surface ice, which include polygonal patterns with elongated pits, scalloped depressions, isolated mounds and collapse structures. We suggest that thermal contraction cracking and sublimation of near-surface ice are responsible for the formation and the development of most of the ice-related landforms documented in Hellas. The relatively pristine form, lack of superposed craters, and strong association with the banded terrain, suggest an Amazonian (<3 Ga) age of formation for these landforms. Finally, relatively high surface pressures (above the triple point of water) expected in Hellas and summer-time temperatures often exceeding the melting point of water ice suggest that the basin may have recorded relatively “temperate” climatic conditions compared to other places on Mars. Therefore, the potentially ice-rich banded terrain may have deformed with lower viscosity and stresses compared to other locations on Mars, which may account for its unique morphology.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Diot, Xavier; Elmaarry, Mohamed Ramy and Schlunegger, Fritz

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

2169-9097

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Fritz Schlunegger

Date Deposited:

17 Dec 2015 11:19

Last Modified:

17 Jun 2016 15:47

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/2015JE004956

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.73971

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/73971

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