Flux control of sulphate assimilation in Arabidopsis thaliana : adenosine 5′-phosphosulphate reductase is more susceptible than ATP sulphurylase to negative control by thiols

Vauclare, Pierre; Kopriva, Stanislav; Fell, David; Suter, Marianne; Sticher, Liliane; von Ballmoos, Peter; Krähenbühl, Urs; den Camp, Roel Op; Brunold, Christian (2002). Flux control of sulphate assimilation in Arabidopsis thaliana : adenosine 5′-phosphosulphate reductase is more susceptible than ATP sulphurylase to negative control by thiols. The Plant Journal, 31(6), pp. 729-740. Wiley 10.1046/j.1365-313X.2002.01391.x

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The effect of externally applied l-cysteine and glutathione (GSH) on ATP sulphurylase and adenosine 5′-phosphosulphate reductase (APR), two key enzymes of assimilatory sulphate reduction, was examined in Arabidopsis thaliana root cultures. Addition of increasing l-cysteine to the nutrient solution increased internal cysteine, γ-glutamylcysteine and GSH concentrations, and decreased APR mRNA, protein and extractable activity. An effect on APR could already be detected at 0.2 mm l-cysteine, whereas ATP sulphurylase was significantly affected only at 2 mm l-cysteine. APR mRNA, protein and activity were also decreased by GSH at 0.2 mm and higher concentrations. In the presence of l-buthionine-S, R-sulphoximine (BSO), an inhibitor of GSH synthesis, 0.2 mm l-cysteine had no effect on APR activity, indicating that GSH formed from cysteine was the regulating substance. Simultaneous addition of BSO and 0.5 mm GSH to the culture medium decreased APR mRNA, enzyme protein and activity. ATP sulphurylase activity was not affected by this treatment. Tracer experiments using 35SO42– in the presence of 0.5 mm l-cysteine or GSH showed that both thiols decreased sulphate uptake, APR activity and the flux of label into cysteine, GSH and protein, but had no effect on the activity of all other enzymes of assimilatory sulphate reduction and serine acetyltransferase. These results are consistent with the hypothesis that thiols regulate the flux through sulphate assimilation at the uptake and the APR step. Analysis of radioactive labelling indicates that the flux control coefficient of APR is more than 0.5 for the intracellular pathway of sulphate assimilation. This analysis also shows that the uptake of external sulphate is inhibited by GSH to a greater extent than the flux through the pathway, and that the flux control coefficient of APR for the pathway, including the transport step, is proportionately less, with a significant share of the control exerted by the transport step.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Stress Physiology (discontinued)
08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Suter, Marianne; von Ballmoos, Peter; Krähenbühl, Urs and Brunold, Christian

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)
500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

0960-7412

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

14 Dec 2015 08:23

Last Modified:

14 Nov 2017 16:19

Publisher DOI:

10.1046/j.1365-313X.2002.01391.x

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.73979

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/73979

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