Effects of pH, light and temperature on (1→3,1→4)-β-glucanase stability in wheat leaves

Wälti, Martin; Roulin, Samuel; Feller, Urs (2002). Effects of pH, light and temperature on (1→3,1→4)-β-glucanase stability in wheat leaves. Plant Physiology and Biochemistry, 40(4), pp. 363-371. Elsevier Masson SAS 10.1016/S0981-9428(02)01373-6

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Changes in (1→3,1→4)-β-D-glucan endohydrolase (EC 3.2.1.73) protein levels were investigated in segments from second leaves of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.). The abundance of the enzyme protein markedly increased when leaf segments were incubated in the dark whereas the enzyme rapidly disappeared when dark-incubated segments were illuminated or fed with sucrose. Addition of cycloheximide (CHI) to the incubation medium led to the disappearance of previously synthesized (1→3,1→4)-β-glucanase and suppressed the dark-induced accumulation indicating that the enzyme was rather unstable. The degradation of (1→3,1→4)-β-glucanase was analyzed without the interference of de-novo synthesis in intercellular washing fluid (IWF). The loss of the enzyme protein during incubation of IWF (containing naturally present peptide hydrolases) indicated that the stability increased from pH 4 to pH 7 and that an increase in the temperature from 25 to 35 °C considerably decreased the stability. Chelating divalent cations in the IWF with o-phenanthroline also resulted in a lowered stability of the enzyme. A strong temperature effect in the range from 25 to 35 °C was also observed in wheat leaf segments. Diurnal changes in (1→3,1→4)-β-glucanase activity were followed in intact second leaves from young wheat plants. At the end of the dark period, the activity was high but constantly decreased during the light phase and remained low if the light period was extended. Activity returned to the initial level during a 10-h dark phase. During a diurnal cycle, changes in (1→3,1→4)-β-glucanase activity were associated with reciprocal changes in soluble carbohydrates. The results suggest that the synthesis and the proteolytic degradation of an apoplastic enzyme may rapidly respond to changing environmental conditions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant nutrition [discontinued]
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Feller, Urs

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0981-9428

Publisher:

Elsevier Masson SAS

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

17 Dec 2015 16:36

Last Modified:

17 Dec 2015 16:36

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/S0981-9428(02)01373-6

Uncontrolled Keywords:

De-novo protein synthesis, Elevated temperature, (1→3,1→4)-β-Glucanase, Proteolysis, Triticum aestivum

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.73989

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/73989

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