Titanium and hydroxyapatite coating of polyetheretherketone and carbon fiber-reinforced polyetheretherketone: A pilot study in sheep

Stübinger, Stefan; Drechsler, Anika; Bürki, Alexander; Klein, Karina; Kronen, Peter; von Rechenberg, Brigitte (2015). Titanium and hydroxyapatite coating of polyetheretherketone and carbon fiber-reinforced polyetheretherketone: A pilot study in sheep. Journal of biomedical materials research. Part B - applied biomaterials, 104(6), n/a-n/a. John Wiley & Sons 10.1002/jbm.b.33471

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Purpose: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the bone formation capability of polyetheretherketone (PEEK) and carbon fiber-reinforced PEEK (CFR-PEEK) implants coated with different titanium and hydroxyapatite plasma-sprayed layers after 2 and 12 weeks. Methods: In six sheep 108 implants were placed in the pelvis. Altogether six different surface modifications were tested. After 2 and 12 weeks, n = 3 implants per group were examined histologically and n = 6 implants per group were tested by a pull-out test. Results: Biomechanically (p = 0.001) as well as histologically (p > 0.05) surface coating of PEEK/CFR-PEEK led to an increase of osseointegration from 2 to 12 weeks. After 12 weeks, coated implants demonstrated significant (p < 0.001) higher pull-out values in comparison to uncoated implants. Overall, the double coating (titanium bond layer and hydroxyapatite top layer) showed the most favorable results after 2 and 12 weeks. Conclusions: Plasma-sprayed titanium and hydroxyapatite coatings on PEEK or CFR-PEEK demonstrated a significant improvement of osseointegration.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute for Surgical Technology & Biomechanics ISTB

UniBE Contributor:

Bürki, Alexander

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1552-4973

Publisher:

John Wiley & Sons

Language:

English

Submitter:

Alexander Bürki

Date Deposited:

15 Dec 2015 10:08

Last Modified:

24 Jul 2016 02:02

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/jbm.b.33471

PubMed ID:

26097161

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.74047

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/74047

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