Large-scale land acquisitions in Peru: Land (re)-concentration, agrarian change and reactions from rural communities

Tejada, Laura (2015). Large-scale land acquisitions in Peru: Land (re)-concentration, agrarian change and reactions from rural communities (Unpublished). In: Congreso Internacional de Americanistas. San Salvador, El Salvador. 12.-17.07.2015.

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More than 40 years after the agrarian reform, Peru is experiencing a renewed process of concentration of land ownership in the hands of large-scale investors, favoring the development of a sugar cane production cluster along the northern coast. The expansion of the agricultural frontier by means of large irrigation projects – originally developed to benefit medium- and small-scale farmers – is carried out today in order to be sold to large-scale investors for the production of export crops. In the region of Piura the increasing presence of large-scale biofuel investors puts substantial pressure on land and water resources, not only changing the use of and access to land for local communities, but also generating water shortages vis-à-vis the multiple water demands of local food producers. The changes in land relations and the agro-ecosystem, the altering food production regime as well as the increasing proletarization of smallholders, is driving many locals – even those which (initially) welcomed the investment – into resistance activities against the increasing control of land, water and other natural resources in the hands of agribusinesses. The aim of this presentation is to discuss the contemporary political, social and cultural dynamics of agrarian change along the northern Peruvian coast as well as the «reactions from below» emanating from campesino communities, landless laborers, brick producers, pastoralists as well as other marginalized groups. The different strategies, forms and practices of resistance with the goal of the «protection of the territory» shall be explored as well as the reasons for their rather scattered occurrence and the lack of alliances on the land issue. This input shall make a contribution to the on-going debate on individual and communal property rights and the question of what is best in terms of collective defense against land grabbing.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Paper)


10 Strategic Research Centers > Centre for Development and Environment (CDE)

UniBE Contributor:

Tejada, Laura


[480] The effects of land acquisitions on households in rural communities of the Global South




Stephan Schmidt

Date Deposited:

18 Jan 2016 10:46

Last Modified:

17 Feb 2016 08:52

Additional Information:

also presented at the Interdisciplinary Workshop "Large-Scale Land Acquisitions between Resource Conflicts and Sustainable Regional Development", Freiburg i. Br., 17.11.2015


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