Cooperative VET in Training Networks: Analysing the Free-Rider Problem in a Sociology-of-Conventions Perspective

Leemann, Regula Julia; Imdorf, Christian (2015). Cooperative VET in Training Networks: Analysing the Free-Rider Problem in a Sociology-of-Conventions Perspective. International Journal for Research in Vocational Education and Training, 2(4), pp. 284-307. European Educational Research Association (EERA) 10.13152/IJRVET.2.4.3

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In training networks, particularly small and medium-sized enterprises pool their resources to train apprentices within the framework of the dual VET system, while an intermediary organisation is tasked with managing operations. Over the course of their apprenticeship, the apprentices switch from one training company to another on a (half-) yearly basis. Drawing on a case study of four training networks in Switzerland and the theoretical framework of the sociology of conventions, this paper aims to understand the reasons for the slow dissemination and reluctant adoption of this promising form of organising VET in Switzerland. The results of the study show that the system of moving from one company to another creates a variety of free-rider constellations in the distribution of the collectively generated corporative benefits. This explains why companies are reluctant to participate in this model. For the network to be sustainable, the intermediary organisation has to address discontent arising from free-rider problems while taking into account that the solutions found are always tentative and will often result in new free-rider problems.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Social Sciences > Institute of Sociology

UniBE Contributor:

Imdorf, Christian


300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education




European Educational Research Association (EERA)




Christian Imdorf

Date Deposited:

11 Jan 2016 12:35

Last Modified:

11 Jan 2016 12:35

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Vocational Education and Training, Inter-firm Cooperation, Training Networks, Cooporative VET, Initial VET, Dual VET, Case Studies, Sociology of Conventions, Switzerland




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